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科学

WOOPの科学的基礎

モチベーションの科学に関する20年の研究を基にして、WOOPはユニークで驚くべきアイデアを提示しています。私たちが望んでいることを妨げるものとして私たちが感じる障害は、実際に私たちがそれらを実現するのを助けることができます。WOOPは私たちに未来を夢見るように指示するだけでなく、自分自身の中のどのような障害が私たちがこれらの夢を達成するのを妨げるかを想像するよう指示します。研究では、WOOPはストレスを軽減し、仕事のエンゲージメントを向上させ、問題に対する統合的な解決策を見出し、時間管理を改善するのに役立っています。さらに、成人の体重を減らし、飲酒を減らし、健康的な関係を維持することを支援しています。 WOOPを使用している小児および青少年は、学校での出席および学校での努力と成果を改善しました。

WOOPの科学的基礎について学ぶには、以下の選択された科学論文を参照してください。

 


選択された科学論文

Adriaanse, M. A., Oettingen, G., Gollwitzer, P. M., Hennes, E. P., de Ridder, D. T. D., & de Wit, J. B. F. (2010). When planning is not enough: Fighting unhealthy snacking habits by mental contrasting with implementation intentions (MCII). European Journal of Social Psychology, 40, 1277-1293. doi:10.1002/ejsp.730 article

Adriaanse, M. A., De Ridder, D. T. D.,  & Voorneman, I. (2013). Improving diabetes self-management by mental contrasting. Psychology & Health, 28:1, 1-12. article 

Christiansen, S., Oettingen, G., Dahme, B., & Klinger, R. (2010). A short goal-pursuit intervention to improve physical capacity: A randomized clinical trial in chronic back pain patients. Pain, 149, 444-452. doi:10.1016/j.pain.2009.12.015. article

Duckworth, A. L., Grant, H., Loew, B., Oettingen, G., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2011). Self-regulation strategies improve self-discipline in adolescents: Benefits of mental contrasting and implementation intentions. Educational Psychology, 31, 17-26. doi:10.1080/01443410.2010.506003 article

Duckworth, A. L., Kirby, T. A., Gollwitzer, A., & Oettingen, G. (2013). From fantasy to action: Mental Contrasting with Implementation Intentions (MCII) improves academic performance in children. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 4, 745-753. doi: 10.1177/1948550613476307 article

Gawrilow, C., Morgenroth, K., Schultz, R., Oettingen, G., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2013). Mental contrasting with implementation intentions enhances self-regulation of goal pursuit in schoolchildren at risk for ADHD. Motivation and Emotion, 37, 134-145. article

Gollwitzer, P. M. (1999). Implementation intentions: Strong effects of simple plans. American Psychologist, 54, 493-503. article

Gollwitzer, P. M., & Sheeran, P. (2006). Implementation intentions and goal achievement: A meta-analysis of effects and processes. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 38, 69-119. article

Houssais, S., Oettingen, G., & Mayer, D. (2013). Using mental contrasting with implementation intentions to self-regulate insecurity-based behaviors in relationships. Motivation and Emotion, 37, 224-233. doi: 10.1007/s11031-012-9307-4 article

Kirk, D., Oettingen, G., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2013). Promoting integrative bargaining: Mental contrasting with implementation intentions. International Journal of Conflict Management, 24, 148-165. article

Oettingen, G. (2000). Expectancy effects on behavior depend on self-regulatory thought. Social Cognition, 18, 101-129. doi:10.1521/soco.2000.18.2.101 article

Oettingen, G. (2012). Future thought and behaviour change. European Review of Social Psychology, 23, 1-63. doi:10.1080/10463283.2011.643698 article

Oettingen, G., Kappes, H. B., Guttenberg, K. B., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2015). Self-regulation of time management: Mental contrasting with implementation intentions. European Journal of Social Psychology, 45, 218-229. doi:10.1002/ejsp.2090 article

Oettingen, G., & Mayer, D. (2002). The motivating function of thinking about the future: Expectations versus fantasies. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 1198-1212. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.83.5.1198 article

Oettingen, G., & Schwörer, B. (2013). Mind wandering via mental contrasting as a tool for behavior change. Frontiers in Psychology, 4:562. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00562 article

Sailer, P., Wieber, F., Pröpster, K., Stoewer, S., Nischk, D., Volk, F., & Odenwald, M. (2015). A brief intervention to improve exercising in patients with schizophrenia: a controlled pilot study with mental contrasting and implementation intentions (MCII). BMC Psychiatry, 15, 1–12. doi.org/10.1186/s12888-015-0513-y article

Sheeran, P., Harris, P., Vaughan, J., Oettingen, G., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2013). Gone exercising: Mental contrasting promotes physical activity among overweight, middle-aged, low-SES fishermen. Health Psychology, 32, 802-809. doi:10.1037/a0029293 article